A bindery term for two or more parallel folds that result in a sheet that opens like an accordion.
A fast-drying, water-based coating that is applied after printing that gives a glossy finish and protects the print’s surface.
All original copy, including type, photos and illustrations, intended for printing. Also called art.
The process by which sheets are fastened together which include cutting, trimming, collating, perforating, and folding to form the finished product.
Usually a department within a printing company responsible for collating, folding and trimming various printing projects.
Printing that extends to the edge of a sheet or page after trimming.
Short for coating on one side of paper.
Short for coating on both sides of paper.
Abbreviation for cyan, magenta, yellow and key (black), the four process colors.
Paper with a coating of clay and other substances that improves reflectivity and ink holdout. Mills produce coated paper in the four major categories cast, gloss, dull and matte.
To organize printed matter in a specific order as requested.
Methods of adjusting and improving color qualities such as color balance, contrast, etc.
Way of categorizing and describing the infinite array of colors found in nature.
To bind by inserting the teeth of a flexible plastic comb through holes punched along the edge of a stack of paper. Also called plastic bind and GBC bind (a brand name).
(1) In typography, the assembly of typographic elements, such as words and paragraphs, into pages ready for printing. (2) In graphic design, the arrangement of type, graphics and other elements on the page.
Any material (text or artwork) to be used in printing a piece.
Category of thick paper used for products such as posters, menus, folders and covers of paperback books.
To cut off sides or portions of an image.
Lines at the edges of a sheet that show where the page will be trimmed.
Shade of blue; One of four basic ink colors used in 4 color printing process.
Technique of reducing the amount of storage required to hold a digital file to reduce the disk space the file requires and allow it to be processed or transmitted more quickly.
A process of cutting paper in a shape or design using metal dies.
Page proofs produced through electronic memory transferred onto paper via laser or ink-jet.
Dots Per Inch (DPI)
Measure of resolution of input devices such as scanners, display devices such as monitors, and output devices such as laser printers, image setters and monitors. Abbreviated DPI. Also called dot pitch.
Considered as "dots per square inch," a measure of output resolution in relationship to printers, image setters and monitors.
In the printing arena, to drill a whole in a printed matter.
Flat (not glossy) finish on coated paper; slightly smoother than matte. Also called suede finish, velour finish and velvet finish.
The ability of a press to print on both sides of a sheet of paper.
Encapsulated Postscript File (EPS)
An Adobe graphic file format for high resolution images; it translates graphic and text into code that tells a printer to print in the highest resolution possible and also has low resolution view files for quick screen viewing.
To press an image into paper so it lies above the surface. Also called cameo and tool.
Price that states what a job will probably cost. Also called bid, quotation and tender.
The individual performing or creating the "estimate."
(1) Surface characteristics of paper. (2) General term for trimming, folding, binding and all other post press operations.
Size of product after production is completed, as compared to flat size. Also called trimmed size.
Size of product after printing and trimming, but before folding, as compared to finished size.
A thin metal applied to paper used in foil stamping and foil embossing.
To foil stamp and emboss an image. Also called heat stamp.
Method of printing that releases foil from its backing when stamped with the heated die. Also called block print, hot foil stamp and stamp.
With printed matter, markings indicating where a fold is to occur, usually located at the top edges.
Size, style, shape, layout or organization of a layout or printed product.
Four Color Process
Technique of printing that uses black, magenta, cyan and yellow to simulate full-color images. Also called color process printing, full color printing and process printing.
Four over Four (4/4)
A print job with four color printing on both sides of the paper.
Four over One (4/1)
A print job with four color printing on the front side and one color (usually black) on the back side.
Four over Zero (4/0)
A print job with four color printing on the front side and no printing on the back side.
Shiny coating applied to paper.
Arrangement of type and visual elements along with specifications for paper, ink colors and printing processes that, when combined, convey a visual message.
Visual elements that supplement type to make printed messages more clear or interesting.
An image made up of a range of shades of black and white.
In the book arena, the inside margins toward the back or the binding edges.
A document or data printed on paper.
At the top of a page, the margin.
A number assigned to a specific printing project in a printing company for use in tracking and historical record keeping.
Form used by service bureaus, separators and printers to specify production schedule of a job and the materials it needs. Also called docket, production order and work order.
A commonly used method of lossy compression for images. The degree of compression can be adjusted, allowing a selectable tradeoff between storage size and image quality. Also known as JPG.
A thin transparent plastic sheet (coating) applied to usually a thick stock (covers, post cards, etc.) providing protection against liquid and heavy use, and usually accents existing color, providing a glossy (or lens) effect.
A sample of the original providing (showing) position of printed work (direction, instructions) needed and desired.
Two folds creating three panels that allow a sheet of letterhead to fit a business envelope. Also called barrel fold and wrap around fold.
Embossed finish on text paper that simulates the pattern of linen cloth.
Also known as process red; one of the 4 basic ink colors in process color printing; M in abbreviation CMYK.
Imprinted space around the edge of the printed material.
Flat (not glossy, dull) finish on photographic paper or coated printing paper.
A common printing process in which the image to be printed is transferred from a metal plate to a rubber blanket onto paper.
Production of larger quantities than ordered.
Total number of pages in a book or publication.
One page of a brochure, such as one panel of a rack brochure. One panel is on one side of the paper. A letter-folded sheet has six panels, not three.
Pantone Matching Systems (PMS)
The standard color-matching system used by printers and graphic designers.
A binding technique in which pages are collated into a single sheet and then glued together and attached to the cover with an adhesive.
Taking place on a press or a binder machine, creating a line of small dotted wholes for the purpose of tearing-off a part of a printed matter (usually straight lines, vertical or horizontal).
A unit of measure in the printing industry. A pica is approximately 0.166 in. There are 12 points to a pica.
Short for picture element, a dot made by a computer, scanner or other digital device.
A flat sheet of metal on which an image is reproduced using a printing press.
A page description language developed by Adobe Systems that tells a printer how an image is to be printed.
The four basic colors used in printing to simulate full spectrum color – Cyan (blue), magenta (process red), yellow (process yellow), black (process black).
Test sheet made to reveal errors or flaws, predict results on press and record how a printing job is intended to appear when finished.
To render an image, pixel by pixel, vertically and horizontally.
A computer image that is composed of an array of pixels arranged in rows and columns. Example: a bitmap (BMP).
500 sheets of paper.
New paper made entirely or in part from old paper.
Refers to the number of pixels an image expressed in pixels per inch (ppi) or dots per inch (dpi); the higher the number, the sharper the image.
Abbreviation for red, green, blue, the additive color primaries. Used for video display as on a computer screen.
A method of binding using staples in the seam or spine of a book or booklet where it folds.
Alternate term for dull finish on coated paper.
Electronic device used to scan an image.
To compress paper along a straight line so it folds more easily and accurately. Also called crease.
The process of pressing a sheet of paper to create a groove or line for folding.
The paper used as cover is the same as that used in the inside pages.
A printed item independent of an envelope. A printed item capable of travel in the mailing arena independently.
To bind by stapling through sheets along, one edge, as compared to saddle stitch. Also called cleat stitch and side wire.
Separate sheets (stock) independent from the original run positioned between the "printed run" for a variety of reasons.
Inks using vegetable oils instead of petroleum products as pigment vehicles, thus are easier on the environment.
Complete and precise written description of features of a printing job such as type size and leading, paper grade and quantity, printing or binding method.
The back edge of a bound book or publication that connects the 2 covers.
To bind using a spiral of continuous wire or plastic looped through holes. Also called coil bind.
Varnishing a specific part of a sheet.
Pressing a design or image onto paper with a metal die.
Stock (Paper Stock)
The paper or material to be printed on.
Tagged Image File Format (.TIFF)
A standard graphic image file format often used for storing high resolution images that can easily handle up to 24 bits of photographic image color.
Concerning a printing project's basic details in regard to its dimensions. A standard layout.
Designation for printing papers with textured surfaces such as laid or linen. Some mills also use 'text' to refer to any paper they consider top-of-the-line, whether or not its surface has a texture.
Initial ideas jotted on virtually anything in regard to initial concept of a future project.
Marks on a printed sheet that show where to cut or trim the page.
The final size of a printed image after trimming.
To arrange or layout artwork and text for printing.
Paper with no treatment or coating on the surface.
Printing multiple copies of the same on the same sheet.
Liquid glossy coating applied to paper’s surface and cured with ultraviolet light.
A clear liquid coating applied to printed sheet for protection and shine.
Images made up of solids, lines and curves that can be scaled or edited without affecting image resolution.
A distinctive design created in paper during manufacturing that is visible when the paper is held up to the light.
A method of binding using double loops of wire through a hole.